Finance is one of the most powerful systems on earth. This opportunity brief from UNICEF and Criterion Institute explores how gender-based violence (GBV) in emergencies can be understood as material to investment decision-making. Through a series of research literature reviews and expert interviews, UNICEF and Criterion Institute identify when the costs of government inaction on GBV prove most relevant to market stability and the potential for financial return. The research focuses on four investment vehicles and approaches relevant to post-disaster financing: sovereign debt, blended finance, climate finance, and project finance investments. What’s more, it examines potential leverage points before, during, and after emergencies where the structuring or movement of capital could improve investment decision-making and reduce GBV vulnerability.